Enforcement of fines and other sanctions
Legal Register Centre is responsible for the enforcement of fines, certain compensations paid to the State, forfeitures, several administrative financial penalties, and certain other sanctions subject to separate provisions. The purpose of these instructions is to help you pay or otherwise settle your fine or some other sanction at the right time and without too much trouble.
In most cases, fines are issued by the police. First, and always before paying, check which type of fine you have received. It will be one of the following: fixed petty fine order issued by automatic traffic control without stopping the vehicle, other fixed petty fine order, fine order, fine request, or summary penal order. You can always find the type of fine on the form you received from the police. The police’s authority to impose fines is based on the Act on the Imposition of a Fine and a Fixed Fine (27.8.2010/754).
Please read these instructions carefully. If the police has issued you with a summary penal order, you should pay particular attention to the instructions you have received from the police, especially if you have not given consent to have your case being resolved according to the procedure given in the Act on the Imposition of a Fine and a Fixed Fine.
Your first opportunity to pay a fine or some other sanction is to use the fine or bank transfer form, which you have received from the police, an authority or a court. When you make the payment, always use the reference number and the account details stated on your fine or bank transfer form. If you do not use the reference number, the payment is not automatically linked to the right sanction, which may cause you unnecessary problems afterwards.
If you have been issued a summary penal order and you pay it in full or in part within 30 days of the date when you were served the notice, your payment means that you give consent to the matter being resolved according to the procedure given in the Act on the Imposition of a Fine and a Fixed Fine. The police will then confirm your sanction by issuing a fixed fine or a fine order, or the prosecutor will impose a penal order.
Authorities and courts send the information on the fines and other sanctions to Legal Register Centre’s enforcement system. Depending on the type of your case, it will take a few days, sometimes up to a few months, before the information is recorded into the enforcement system. If you have already paid your fine or sanction, your reference number links the payment to the correct sanction. If you have not yet paid the fine or sanction or if you have not used the reference number, the system will print a notice or a demand for payment. We will send it to the address you have given in the Population Information System.
If you do not pay the sanction by the date stated in Legal Register Centre’s demand for payment, we will move your case to enforced collection. We will do this about one month after we sent you the demand for payment. The bailiff will then deal with all matters related to your payment.
Legal Register Centre may grant you payment time. In other words, we can give you more time to pay your sanction on the grounds given in the Act. You can only apply for payment time after you have received a notice or a demand for payment from Legal Register Centre. But you must apply for payment time before we move your case to enforced collection. We cannot cancel enforced collection, even when we receive an application for payment time. You can find more information about applying for payment time here.